Superior courts were established in each county in 1806, replacing the district superior courts that had functioned since 1778. These courts were clothed with original and appellate civil and criminal jurisdiction. Criminal jurisdiction extended to serious felonies, such as murder, rape, larceny, house breaking, assault and battery, riot, forgery, and the like; civil jurisdiction extended to suits involving $100 or more (after 1868, $200 or more). Extra-judicial matters assigned to superior court included legitimization of bastards, emancipation and manumission of slaves, registration of aliens, and hearing of grand jury presentments and reports. The minute dockets record the daily transactions of the court, generally giving judgments in civil and criminal actions. They also reflect the internal workings of the court, recording the appointments and qualifications of clerks, the summoning and impaneling of juries, and the hearing of grand jury reports.
Descriptions of original Superior court minutes held by the State Archives are summarized in the online MARS catalog. For a county summary of original minutes and microfilm held by the the State Archives of North Carolina, please see the Guide to County Records.
Superior court minutes and other related records may also be available on third party websites. The State Archives provides links to many of these collections in its Digital Collection.